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What the Heck is HeartBleed Bug?

The Heartbleed Bug is a serious vulnerability in the popular OpenSSL cryptographic software library. This weakness allows stealing the information protected, under normal conditions, by the SSL/TLS encryption used to secure the Internet. SSL/TLS provides communication security and privacy over the Internet for applications such as web, email, instant messaging (IM) and some virtual private networks (VPNs).

heartbleed bug

The Heartbleed bug allows anyone on the Internet to read the memory of the systems protected by the vulnerable versions of the OpenSSL software. This compromises the secret keys used to identify the service providers and to encrypt the traffic, the names and passwords of the users and the actual content. This allows attackers to eavesdrop on communications, steal data directly from the services and users and to impersonate services and users.

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How To Fix HeartBleed Vulnerability?

As long as the vulnerable version of OpenSSL is in use it can be abused. Fixed OpenSSL has been released and now it has to be deployed. Operating system vendors and distribution, appliance vendors, independent software vendors have to adopt the fix and notify their users. Service providers and users have to install the fix as it becomes available for the operating systems, networked appliances and software they use.

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Where to find more information?

This Q&A was published as a follow-up to the OpenSSL advisory, since this vulnerability became public on 7th of April 2014. The OpenSSL project has made a statement athttps://www.openssl.org/news/secadv_20140407.txt. NCSC-FI published an advisory athttps://www.cert.fi/en/reports/2014/vulnerability788210.html. Individual vendors of operating system distributions, affected owners of Internet services, software packages and appliance vendors may issue their own advisories.

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Is there a bright side to all this?

For those service providers who are affected this is a good opportunity to upgrade security strength of the secret keys used. A lot of software gets updates which otherwise would have not been urgent. Although this is painful for the security community, we can rest assured that infrastructure of the cyber criminals and their secrets have been exposed as well.

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Who coordinates response to this vulnerability?

NCSC-FI took up the task of reaching out to the authors of OpenSSL, software, operating system and appliance vendors, which were potentially affected. However, this vulnerability was found and details released independently by others before this work was completed. Vendors should be notifying their users and service providers. Internet service providers should be notifying their end users where and when potential action is required.

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What is the Defensics SafeGuard?

The SafeGuard feature of the Codenomicon’s Defensics security testtools automatically tests the target system for weaknesses that compromise the integrity, privacy or safety. The SafeGuard is systematic solution to expose failed cryptographic certificate checks, privacy leaks or authentication bypass weaknesses that have exposed the Internet users to man in the middle attacks and eavesdropping. In addition to the Heartbleed bug the new Defensics TLS Safeguard feature can detect for instance the exploitable security flaw in widely used GnuTLS open source software implementing SSL/TLS functionality and the “goto fail;” bug in Apple’s TLS/SSL implementation that was patched in February 2014.

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Can IDS/IPS detect or block this attack?

Although the content of the heartbeat request is encrypted it has its own record type in the protocol. This should allow intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDS/IPS) to be trained to detect use of the heartbeat request. Due to encryption differentiating between legitimate use and attack can not be based on the content of the request, but the attack may be detected by comparing the size of the request against the size of the reply. This seems to imply that IDS/IPS can be programmed to detect the attack but not to block it unless heartbeat requests are blocked altogether.

Heart Bleed Bug (Update)

BOSTON – The U.S. government warned banks and other businesses on Friday to be on alert for hackers seeking to steal data exposed by the “Heartbleed” bug, as…
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♥ Pregnant ?? ♥?

Question by ♥ Angie: ♥ Pregnant ?? ♥?
I had a miscarriage a couple weeks ago. I was only 3 weeks along in my pregnancy. Bled for about 2 1/2 weeks and the cramps and bleeding stopped. Everything stopped on the 28th of June. I let a day ago by after everything stopped before having sex with my husband again. We haven’t been using protection and he hasn’t pulled out. We really want a baby. Anyway, I’m having lots of cramping and bad back pain and lots and lots of discharge , I feel nauseated every now and then and I’m always so tired.. Could this be a sign of pregnancy already?? It’s only been 2 weeks since we’ve started having sex and trying again..

Please no rude answers.. Thanks ♥

Best answer:

Answer by lovingp
sorry to hear that.. your body still havent recovered i would be careful not to have sex until your body heal a little. give it more time you will knw

Give your answer to this question below!

How long did your implantation bleeding last? What color was it? ?

Question by lovesports: How long did your implantation bleeding last? What color was it? ?
For the past 5 days I have had very light bleeding/spotting. My period is not supposed to start for another 4 days. The color changes from pink, to a little red, to a dark brown. I have no cramps I was up last night with nausea, felt really sick. I feel like my boyfriends colognes are way too strong now. I get heart burn almost after every meal I eat, and I never get that. My periods are always normal so this is definitely different for me.

Best answer:

Answer by beautifulbb2
it only lasts a couple days and its dark brown (old blood color)

Know better? Leave your own answer in the comments!

did anyone have heavy implantation bleeding?

Question by K.Lee: did anyone have heavy implantation bleeding?
Did anyone experience heavy bleeding like a period and then find out they were actually pregnant. Everyone is saying that implantation bleeding is very light and not like a regular period but my cousin bled like a period and went on to have a healthy prgnancy and delivered a 9lb baby girl. Anyone have a similar experience?

Best answer:

Answer by Melissa S
My sister in law had a lot of bleeding in her last pregnancy and went on to have a healthy baby. It depends on what other symptoms accompany the bleeding. But yes, implantation bleeding is usually light. Read the information I found below:

Bleeding During Pregnancy

Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy occurs frequently and may not be a sign of problems.

Vaginal bleeding can occur frequently in the first trimester of pregnancy and may not be a sign of problems. But bleeding that occurs in the second and third trimester of pregnancy can often be a sign of a possible complication. Bleeding can be caused by a number of reasons.

Some basic things to know about bleeding are:

* If you are bleeding, you should always wear a pad or panty liner so that you can monitor how much you are bleeding and what type of bleeding you are experiencing.
* You should never wear a tampon or introduce anything else into the vaginal area such as douche or sexual intercourse if you are currently experiencing bleeding.
* If you are also experiencing any of the other symptoms mentioned below in connection with a possible complication, you should contact your health care provider immediately.

First Half of Pregnancy:


Bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage but does not mean that miscarriage is imminent. Studies show that anywhere from 20-30% of women experience some degree of bleeding in early pregnancy. Approximately half of pregnant women who bleed do not have miscarriages. Approximately 15-20% of all pregnancies result in a miscarriage, and the majority occur during the first 12 weeks.

Signs of Miscarriage include:

* Vaginal bleeding
* Cramping pain felt low in the stomach (stronger than menstrual cramps)
* Tissue passing through the vagina

Most miscarriages cannot be prevented. They are often the body’s way of dealing with an unhealthy pregnancy that was not developing. A miscarriage does not mean that you cannot have a future healthy pregnancy or that you yourself are not healthy.

Ectopic Pregnancies:

Ectopic pregnancies are pregnancies that implant somewhere outside the uterus. The fallopian tube accounts for the majority of ectopic pregnancies. Ectopic pregnancies are less common than miscarriages, occurring in 1 of 60 pregnancies.

Signs of Ectopic Pregnancies:

* Cramping pain felt low in the stomach (usually stronger than menstrual cramps)
* Sharp pain in the abdominal area
* Low levels of hCG
* Vaginal bleeding

Women are at a higher risk if they have had:

* An infection in the tubes
* A previous ectopic pregnancy
* Previous pelvic surgery

Molar Pregnancies:

Molar pregnancies are a rare cause of early bleeding. Often referred to as a “mole”, a molar pregnancy involves the growth of abnormal tissue instead of an embryo. It is also referred to as gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD).

Signs of a Molar Pregnancy:

* Vaginal bleeding
* Blood tests reveal unusually high hCG levels
* Absent fetal heart tones
* Grape-like clusters are seen in the uterus by an ultrasound

What are common reasons for bleeding in the first half of pregnancy?

Since bleeding that occurs in the first half of pregnancy is so common (20-30%), many wonder what the causes are besides some of the complications already mentioned. Bleeding can occur in early pregnancy due to the following factors, aside from the above mentioned complications:

* Implantation bleeding is one of many normal pregnancy symptoms and can occur anywhere from 6-12 days after possible conception. Every woman will experience implantation bleeding differently—some will lightly spot for a few hours, while others may have some light spotting for a couple of days.
* Some type of infection in the pelvic cavity or urinary tract may cause bleeding.
* After intercourse some women may bleed because the cervix is very tender and sensitive. You should discontinue intercourse until you have been seen by your doctor. This is to prevent any further irritation—having normal sexual intercourse does not cause a miscarriage.

**the reasons for bleeding during second half of pregnancy can be found at the following website** i didn’t want to include too much.

Add your own answer in the comments!